There is another reason, seldom discussed these past weeks, on why the security situation in Iraq has “improved.” This reason happens to be the 4.2 million displaced Iraqi citizens:
Not nearly enough attention and resources have been devoted to the humanitarian crisis unfolding in the region. Iraqis are now one of the largest displaced populations in the world. According to the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, more than 1.5 million Iraqis have fled to neighboring countries such as Jordan and Syria and an additional 2.7 million have been internally displaced.
If the surge truly worked, then the refugee’s could come home. But they cannot.
This massive population movement has not decreased significantly despite the influx last year of more than 20,000 additional U.S. combat troops in a deployment known as the surge. The U.S. military says overall violence in Iraq has fallen by 60 percent since then.
What we need is a more critical look* at what actually occurred in Iraq during the surge. Did negotiations with Sadr and the Awakening Movement improve security? What aspects of the surge worked?
*I don’t necessarily agree with all the points stated by this author, however, I do think it is a step in the right direction.